Skin Care

 

Skin Care is extremely important in order to have beautiful and healthy skin.  Healthy skin  is clean, smooth, moist, firm and resilient. When the sebaceous glands of the skin produce insufficient amounts of sedum, the skin appears dry, rough and dehydrated. When too much sedum is produced, the skin will appear oily and shiny.

There are many factors that stimulate free radical formation which is a key component in the aging process. An unhealthy diet, too much sun, smoking, alcohol abuse, stress and insomnia will definitely take a toll on the health of your skin.

The good news is that the with good skin care, the skin can renew itself. A change in lifestyle, eating a lot of organic fruits and vegetables, relaxation meditation (helps with stress), and a good skin care regime will help reverse damage. An internal detox and drinking enough pure water will help flush toxins from the body.

In addition to the above, the skin can be supported by nourishing it with external applications of natural healing agents. Base oils, vegetable nut and seed oils, are among the most effective natural agents for healing and maintaining healthy skin. There are many oils (sweet almond, hazelnut, evening primrose, etc.) that are rich in nutrients specific to skin health. Other moisturizing agents with nutritional benefits are vitamins A, C, and E.

By making your own skin-care products, you can avoid unnecessary chemicals, and the addition of anti-oxidants, such as vitamin E, jojoba oil and wheatgerm oil will help preserve your product.

The basics of a good skin-care regime includes the following:

Cleansing
Toning/Astringent
Moisturizing
Sun protection – many cosmetic foundations include sun protection.
with occasional treatments such as…

Facial steams
Exfoliating
Face masks

Base Oils, Carriers, and Essential Oils for Skin Care

Base oils, vegetable oils, and essential oils are a wonderful method of softening, nourishing, and moisturizing young, mature, and even wrinkled skin. The nutrient-packed nut and vegetable oils are base oils or carriers for the essential oils. High quality cold-pressed oils are a must and with the addition of vitamin E, borage and evening primrose oil added to the mixture will boost their effectiveness.

 Base oils and carrier oils are derived from nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruits. They all have therapeutic values and are most often used as a base oil or carrier oil to which essential oils as well as other additives are added, for formulating products for the skin.

The best base oils and  carriers oils to purchase for skin care are cold-pressed or expeller-pressed. They are not extracted at extremely high temperatures or with chemical solvents. Extremely high temperature can destroy beneficial benefits and properties of the oils. Expeller-pressed oils have been mechanically pressed, therefore, not destroying the beneficial properties

Base Oils Popular For Skin Care:

Apricot Kernel oil – It is used for all skins. It helps relieve itching, soreness, dryness, and contains protein, minerals and vitamins. It is common in facial preparations.

Avocado oil – It is used for all skins, especially dry and dehydrated skin and for eczema. It contains vitamins, protein, lecithin and fatty acids. It is very nourishing and popular in facial preparations for aging skin. Buy in small amounts and refrigerate. It is good used as a blend with other oils for facial and body application..Use 1 part to 9 parts of a base oil.

Borage Seed oil – It is for all skin types and contains gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, and minerals. It is popular in hair and nail products, and blended with avocado, jojoba, or almond oil, it is used to treat eczema, psoriasis, and signs of premature aging. Use as a 10% addition to a base oil

Castor oil – This is a heavy, protective oil that is useful for sealing in moisture. It is used in bath oils and for lips. It is good for all skin types. When used with heat application, it has the reputation for all kinds of healing. Edgar Caycee recommended it in many of his readings. It is used in lip balm and lip gloss recipes. Good for softening rough, dry heals, knees and elbows in addition to eczema and psoriasis.

Coconut Palm oil – It is an excellent as a massage or bath oil. Coconut Palm oil is also used in lotions and creams. A mild oil that is good for sensitive skin.

Corn oil – It is soothing for all skins, and has protein, vitamins and minerals.

Extra Virgin Olive oil – It contains protein, minerals, and vitamins. Some recommend it as a 10% addition to another oil.

 Evening Primrose oil – It has gamma linolenic acid, vitamins, and minerals. It is an antioxidant. It counteracts free radical damage and rejuvenates skin cells, and is popular in facial blends. Add to base oils (10%).

Grapeseed oil – It is good for all skins and contains vitamins, minerals, and protein.

Hazelnut oil – It is an astringent, and has protein, minerals and vitamins. It is easily absorbed and used in many facial preparations. It is good for all skin types and has a light penetrating quality. It is popular in face creams and lotions. It is not prone to rancidity (stable). Hazelnut oils is good for aging skin.

Jojoba oil – It contains protein, minerals, and is a liquid wax that mimics collagen. It is good for all skins and rejuvenates skin cells. It is a stable oil, not inclined to become rancid. It is used for inflamed skin, eczema, psoriasis, rough, dry skin. It is also used for acne and penetrates easily. Add to base oils (10%).

Olive oil (extra virgin) – It is high in vitamin E and has a strong fragrance and color. Olive oil is used for lotions, body scrubs and salves.

Peanut oil – It is for all skins, and contains protein, minerals and vitamins. However it seems that many people are allergic to peanuts.

 Rosehip Seed oil (rosa rubiginosa) – This oil is very high in essential fatty acids, but may be expensive. It is used in treatments for skin damage, premature ageing, wrinkles and dehydration. It is recommended for sun damaged skin and mature, dry skin. It should not be used on oily or acneic skin.

Safflower oil – It is for all skins, and has protein, minerals and vitamins.

Sesame oil – It is good for all skin types and has vitamins, minerals, proteins, lecithin and amino acids. It is rich in vitamin A and E, and is a very stable oil with a long shelf life. It is used for sunscreens, salves and lotions, and is a good body oil for normal to dry skin. However, do not use the toasted varieties. Add to base oil (10%).

Soy oil – It is used for all skins, and contains protein, minerals and vitamins. It is high in vitamin E and lecithin and is popular for massages. It penetrates easily with no greasy residue. It is commonly found under the name of vegetable oil in the grocery stores. You might want to find an organic source.

Sunflower oil – It is for all skin types, and has protein, minerals and vitamins. It is rich in vitamin E and lecithin and is popular in massage blends.

Sweet Almond oil – It is used for all skins. It helps relieve itching, soreness, dryness and inflammation, and is rich in protein, minerals, and vitamins. It is popular in body lotions, massage oils, masks, and creams. The shelf life is around 6 months. (One of my favorites)

Wheatgerm oil – It is for all skin types and contains protein, minerals, and vitamins. It helps to strengthen weakened capillaries, and is a healing agent for scars, burns and stretch marks. It regenerates skin cells and is good for all skins. Add to base oils ( 10%)

Essential Oils For Skin Care
Essential oils are concentrates and are added in small amounts. They have many beneficial properties that benefit the skin, and health. When formulating your own products, consult the blending and mixing chart to give you a general idea of how much to use. However, keep in mind that there are no strict rules for blending and mixing when formulating your products. It is a personal choice, so you may want to experiment. There are suggested recipes for you if you desire to follow them. In addition, there are many wonderful books with a lot of suggestions as well as web sights.

Light and heat are enemies of essential oils. They need to be kept in dark-colored containers and stored in a dark, area.

Blue Cypress (callitris intratropica) – Blue Cypress is a superior essential oil for dry or mature skin. It contains antiviral properties. It is an excellent treatment for getting rid of warts.

Calendula (dalendula officinalis) It’s properties are antiseptic, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory. It is good for healing scar tissue, burns, bruises, acne, insect bites, and cuts. And it is gentle enough for children.

Carrot Seed (dauctus carota) – This essential oil is high in beta-carotene. It is very nourishing, vitalizing, and restorative. Carrot Seed oil stimulates skin elasticity and is good for all skin types, especially wrinkled, normal to dry, and sagging skin. It should not be used by epileptics or pregnant women.

Chamomile, German (matricaria recutita) – It is also known as Blue Chamomile, and Wild Chamomile. German Chamomile is high in azulene content. It is extremely soothing and healing to irritated, normal-to-dry, and sensitive skin. It is a strong anti-inflammatory and antifungal oil, and is a strong relaxant.

Eucalyptus (eucalyptus dives) – It is also known as Blue Peppermint Eucalyptus. It is recommended for balancing the production of excess sebum in oily or acneic skin. Used as an inhalant to relieve chest congestion. It should not be used by epileptics or pregnant women.

Immortelle (helichrysum italicum) – It is also known as Everlasting. It has very strong anti-inflammatory antibacterial, and antifungal properties. Immortelle is used for healing bruises, open wounds, and cuts. Other uses are varicose veins, acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It is very soothing and stimulates new cell formation.

Inula (inula graveolens) – Inula is ideal for oily, acneic, overly clogged skin. It is antibacterial and mucolytic. Should not be used by epileptics or pregnant women.

Juniper Berry (juniperus communis) – Juniper is a good antiseptic and cleansing addition to products for oily skin or ecema. It is used in massage oil formulas for cellulite due to its strong diuretic action. It should be avoided in the case of kidney problems, pregnancy or epilepsy.

Lavender (lavandula angustifolia) – Lavender is valued as a healing agent. It is good for all skin types. It is a strong relaxant and a strong antiseptic. It is efective as a remedy for sunburn, bee stings, muscle cramps, burns, and insomnia. It is considered safe for everyone.

Lemongrass (cymbopogon citratus) – Lemongrass is used in cleansers and moisturizers for normal-to-oily skin due to its mild astringent property. It aids in the elimination of toxins, and is said to be good for sagging skin. Do not use on sensitive of irritated skin.

Orange, Sweet (citrus sinensis) – It is slightly astringent. Recommended for normal- to-oily skins. Do not use if you are pregnant or epileptic. It is also photosensitive.

Oregano (origanum compactum, oreganum vulgare) – It is a powerful antiseptic and antiviral. It is good for treating warts, insect bits, fungal infections, and overall general skin infections. It needs to be well diluted as it is a skin irritant, and should be avoided if pregnant or epileptic.

Peppermint (mentha x peperita) – Peppermint is one of my favorites and is very refreshing, and cooling. It is an astringent. It is used as a facial toner, body splash and cleanser for normal-t0-oily skin. Peppermint is an excellent antiseptic when blended with tea tree and orange. It is a potential skin irritant is used in large amounts, and should be avoided if pregnant or epileptic.

Rosemary (rosmarinus officinalis) – Rosemary, one of my favorites, is known for stimulating new cell formation. It benefits all skin types and is good in regenerative, nurturing skin care formulas for wrinkled, devitalized, aging, acneic, burned or sun-damaged skin. Avoid if pregnant, epileptic or have high blood pressure.

Spike Lavender (lavandula spica) – Lavander helps to normalize and balance the skin. It is good for all skin types and is an effective antiseptic for burns, cuts, and insect bites. Used in massage formulas as a relaxant. Avoid during pregnancy or if epileptic.

Tea Tree (melaleuca alternifolia) – Tea Tree is also known as Melaleuca . This is a powerful healing oil. It is antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic and anti-viral. It helps to heal acne, open wounds, cuts, ulcers, and infections. It is also used to get rid of warts.

Thyme (thymus vulgaris, chemotype linalol) – Thyme is a strong antiseptic. It is highly recommended for infectious skin diseases. It is reported to be healing for acne and rashes from poison oak, ivy, and sumac. It is to be avoided if pregnant, epileptic or have high blood pressure.

Essential oils for Specific Skin Types

Normal Skin
Carrot Seed
Geranium
Frankincense
Lavender
Lemongrass
Neroli
Orange
Palma Rosa
Patchouli
Rosemary
Sandalwood
Ylang-Ylang

Oily Skin
Basil
Bergamot
Carrot Seed
Clary Sage
Juniper Berry
Chamomile, Roman
Eucalyptus
Jasmine
Lavender
Lemon
Lemon Grass
Mandarin
Neroli
Orange
Rosemary
Sage
Ylang-Ylang

Dry Skin
Benzoin
Blue Cypress
Carrot Seed
Chamomile, German
Geranium
Jasmine
Lavender
Myrrh
Palma Rosa
Pachouli
Petitgrain
Rose
Rosemary
Sandalwood

Additional Ingredients For The Skin

Beeswax – A thickener for making lip balms, salves, creams and lotions.

Borax – is a crystalline powdered mineral salt. Acts as a binder and when combined with beeswax, oil and water makes a stable emulsion. It also acts as a whitener, mild antiseptic, and is a natural preservative.

Clay, French Green – is a dried powder. It is a sage-green, mineralized clay. It is very good for oily skin . It is an astringent and is good for sloughing and circulation stimulation. Good for acne, eczema, psoriasis, and devitalized, wrinkled skin.

Clay, White Cosmetic is a dried powder. It is recommended for sensitive or normal-to-dry skin due to its gentleness. It is good for masks and scrubs. It draws toxins from the skin, exfoliates, and adds minerals.

Cocoa Butter is a wax or butter that acts as a soothing emollient to sunburned and dry skin. It is used in lip balms, creams, and lotions to soften the skin and to thicken the product. It has to be melted before the addition of essential oils.

Glycerin, Vegetable is a clear, thick liquid. It acts as a humectant, which draws moisture from the air to your skin. It is used in lotions and creams for dry skin. It makes lip balms taste very sweet.

Grapefruit Seed Extract is an astringent preservative and antimicrobial. It is added to facial and body splashes, creams and lotions to extend the shelf life.

Lanolin, Anhydrous is wax from sheep’s wool. It acts as an emollient that holds water on the skin. It absorbs water and is a great emulsifier for creams and lotions. However, it may be a potential allergen.

Sea Salt is a granular sea salt. It is rich in minerals and aids in healing itchy, inflamed skin. When added to bath water, sea salt can benefit skin afflicted with acne, eczema, psoriasis, rashes. It can be drying so follow up with a good body moisturizer.

Water, distilled is steam-distilled water. It is used in making all cosmetic products that call for water or herb infusions. It discourages premature mold growth in cosmetics. Never use tap water.

Witch Hazel is a liquid, water and alcohol-based extract of the witch hazel herb. It is a mild astringent, and the ideal cleanser for minor cuts, scratches, and pimples. It is used as a facial splash base for normal-to-oily skin.

Vinegar, raw apple cider is diluted vinegar. It softens and relieves itchy skin if added to bath water. It is used as a base for herbal splashes and toners for all skin types. It acts as a gentle exfoliant, leaving skin smooth. Restores normal PH to skin after cleansing. However it may irritate sensitive or sunburned skin.

Vitamin E (D-alpha tocopherol) is found in liquid capsule form. It acts as a natural preservative and antioxidant when added to creams, lotions, and base oils. It is reported to soften and gradually fade scar tissue. Good for chapped lips and ragged cuticles.

CLEANSERS:
Cleansers remove make-up, dirt, toxins and leave your face clean.
You may want to consider a soft complexion brush to cleanse your face using a gentle soap, lotion, or cleansing cream. Then rinse with pure water. By making your own cleansers, you can add ingredients that fit your skin type. All vegetable and nut oils can be used for cleansers as well as for nourishing the skin. For dry skin, avocado or wheatgerm oil is suggested as a base oil, and for oily skins sweet almond or sunflower oil is suggested as a base oil. However, many of the vegetable and nut oils are used as cleansers for all skin types.

Makeup Remover and Cleanser
Almond oil………………………2 ounces
Sunflower oil…………………..4 tsp
Sesame oil………………………4 tsp
Wheatgerm…………………….1 tsp

1. Blend the oils together and then add 5 drops of the essential oil for your skin type.

Cocoa Butter Cleanser
Cocoa butter ………….3 ounces
Grapeseed oil…………1 ½ ounces
Pure water……………. 1 ½ ounces
Essential oils………… 2 drops (choose from the list for skin types)

1. Melt the cocoa butter in a double boiler, or in a glass container in the microwave.
2. Warm the grapeseed base oil and warm the water, then add to the cocoa butter.
3. Whisk the mixture until cool.
4. Add essential oils for your skin type.

Gentle Soap Cleanser
4 oz. bar of pure soap (pure white castille). Any pure soap will work.
1 quart of pure water

1. Shred the bar into small pieces.
2. Place the soap pieces into the bowl (microwave safe) of water.
3. Melt the soap and place the mixture into a container to use when needed.

Note: I like to use this recipe. It takes about 4 min and 45 seconds to melt the soap. I check it after a couple of minutes and stir. Continue doing this until melted.

TONERS/ASTRINGENTS: Toners and astringents help to restore elasticity to the skin and to tighten the pores.

1. Witch Hazel – purchase at a health store
2. Floral Waters – purchase at a health store.
German Chamomile – soothing and balancing. Good for all skin types, especially sensitive or irritated. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties.
Lavender – It has calming and healing qualities. Ideal for normal to dry skin
Orange Blossom – also known as Neroli. Acts as a mild, astringent. Good for acneic, irritated, oily skin.
Rose Otto – It is mildly astringent and gentle enough to be used directly on the eyes.
3. Apple Cider Vinegar – purchase at a health store
4. Herbal Infusions – This is made by pouring boiling water over the leaves or flowers and letting it steep for 5 to 10 minutes ( the time varies depending on who you are studying). For dried herbs about a tsp. per cup of water. Chamomile or Lavender are good choices.

MOISTURIZERS:
For skin creams,  a 4% to 8% dilution is recommended for large areas (body lotions), and a 2% dilution is suggested for the face. The finer seed oils like hazelnut, apricot kernel or avocado are recommended. Moistening the face before applying the creams helps the moisture content.

Avocado Moisture Cream
Avocado oil…………………..2 Tbsp
Extra Virgin Olive oil……..1 tsp
Vitamin E capsule…..1 capsule of 400 units
Essential oils……………3 to 5 drops chosen for your skin type

1. Mix well the two oils
2. Cut the tip off the vitamin E capsule and squeeze the oil into the mixture.
3. Add the essential oils to the mixture
4. Place into a container and label.

Hazelnut Moisture Cream
Hazelnut oil………………..2 tsp
Sweet Almond oil……….1 tsp
Vitamin E…………………………1 capsule
Essential oils of your choice…3 to 5 drops (choose for your skin type)

1. Mix the hazelnut oil and the sweet almond oil
2. Cut the tip off the vitamin E capsule and squeeze in the oil.
3. Add the essential oils to the mixture.
4. Place into a container and label.

FACIAL STEAMS:
A facial steam has a lot of benefits to good skin health. It helps to open pores, detoxify and soften the skin. They are so simple to use. Place a quart or so of pure water in a sauce pan and bring it to a near boil. Add a few drops of essential oils for your skin type, drape a towel over your head to make a tent so the moisture flows toward your face. Keep your eyes closed and your face about 10 inches away from the pan. Steam your face for 5 to 10 minutes. If you have a steam machine, it will simplify this process. A facial steam machine can be bought at some cosmetic shops. Afterwards splash cool water on your face to close your pores or use a toner.

FACIAL MASKS:
Cleansing Facial Mask for oily skin
Use once a week. A facial mask with clay will decrease the oil on the skin, deep cleanse impurities and tighten pores.

Powdered clay…………………….2 Tbs
Mineral water…………………just enough to form a paste
Essential oils…………………3 to 5 drops for your skin type

1. Mix the clay and water to form a smooth consistency.
2. Add the essential oils and mix well.
3. Apply with the fingertips, avoiding eyes and hairline.
4. Leave on for 10 to 15 minutes
5. To remove the mud mask wash off with warm water.
6. Apply a toner to your face.

Moisturizing Facial Mask for dry and combination skins.

Mashed Avocado…………………….1 tsp.
Honey…………………………………….2 tsp.
Vitamin E capsule…………………400 units
ground oatmeal……………………….1 tsp
essential oils…………………………..5 drops for your skin type

1. Combine the mashed avocado and honey.
2. Add the vitamin E capsule contents and mix well.
3. Add the ground oatmeal (oat flour) and mix into a smooth paste. You might need to adjust the flour as needed.
4. Add the essential oils for your skin type.
5. Apply with fingertips (avoiding eyes and hairline) and relax for about 15 minutes.
6. Remove with warm water
7. Apply a toner or rinse face with cool water.

METHODS OF EXFOLIATING THE SKIN
Externally, our skin is constantly sloughing dead skin cells and generating new ones. Exfoliating scrubs leave the skin feeling clean and soft.

1. Dry Skin Brush – some suggest brushing the skin with a dry brush before cleansing the skin. With this method, be sure to use a brush that will not be so harsh as to irritate your skin.

2. Exfoliating Scrub
oatmeal (finely ground)……………1 tsp
cornmeal (finely ground)………….1 tsp
Honey……………………………………1 tsp
Mineral water (enough to make a paste)
Lavender essential oil………………2 drops (this oil is good for all skin types)
1. Mix oatmeal, cornmeal and honey
2. Add just enough mineral water to make a paste
3. Add the lavender essential oil and mix well.
4. Apply gently to the face avoiding the eyes and hairline.
5. Rinse well with warm water.

 

 

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