Bee Balm (Monarda didyma)

Bee Balm (Monarda didyma) is used as a medicinal herb, tea herb, a salad herb, and as a household herb in herbal sleep pillows, and dried arrangements.  The leaves of Bee Balm are used in salads, teas and herbal sleep pillows.  The flowers of Bee Balm are also used in salads, teas, and herbal sleep pillows.  Dried flowers are used in arrangements.  The medicinal herb Bee Balm, through infusions are used to help coughs, sore throats, nausea, and flatulence.

Family:  Lamiaceae

Climate and Light: zones 4-9, Bee Balm like full sun, but will tolerate partial shade

Soil:  Rich, moist with a ph of 6.0 – 6.7

Water:  medium

Growing Habits:  Bee Balm is a perennial that grows 3′ x 36″.    It spreads rapidly in clumps. Blooms in mid summer to late summer with colors ranging from red, pink, lavender and white.

Propagation:  Bee Balm can be grown from seed, cuttings or division. If grown from seed, it will flower the second year.  Divide in spring or fall approximately every three years.  For blooms in the fall  prune stems after first flowering.

Harvesting and Storing:  Harvest the leaves of bee balm just before flowering and dry to make teas.  For herbal salads,and herbal sleep pillows use fresh. Use fresh also to make herbal infusions for herbal medicines.  The flowers are used fresh for herbal salads.  For wreaths and arrangements, gather the Bee Balm flowers in bunches and hang to dry.

Companion Plants:  tomatoes

Remarks: Seems to be deer proof, and it attracts bees.

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